The Rise of the Croissant



Imagine this. You’re eating a rich, buttery, crisp pastry that is still warm from the oven. It contains several flaky layers that seem impossible to create. Yet here you are, tasting the simple but somewhat complex flavors of European history. Whichever bakery or café you visit, you are bound to stare at the well-lit croissants behind the glass. But while this extravagant pastry is a popular Instagram food and notoriously difficult to perfect, not many people know the basics of a croissant. 

Let’s dive into Croissant 101 and discover the roots, techniques, and facts about the rise of the croissant. 

What is a croissant?

A croissant is a type of pastry made from dough, and contains many layers because of the way it is baked. It is rich in butter and can be eaten as a snack, dessert, or with a hot beverage. While plain croissants are most popular, there are modern iterations containing chocolate ganache, fruit, and even cheese. 

The origins of the croissant

Most people associate the croissant with having French roots, but croissants are believed to have been born during the Ottoman siege of Vienna, the Austrian capital. History, however, is up to interpretation. And different forms of croissants have gradually appeared all over the world as they evolve to fit  traditional flavors. 

Why is the croissant so hard to perfect?

Croissants contain many layers. And many intricate steps are involved. While the process of baking croissants is not necessarily hard, the complications arise because of the inaccurate quantities of sugar, butter, and dough, and the order and timing in which these are used. Baking, after all, is science, and in order to perfect the croissant, all you require is practice.

Random Croissant Facts

  • The croissant was initially called the ‘kipferl’ when it was created in Austria.

  • It can be eaten sweet or savory. In recent years, when it gained popularity on social media, the croissant was branded as a fast food. 

  • Did you know that the National Croissant Day is celebrated on January 30th? 

  • ‘Croissant’ means ‘crescent’ in French.